Coincidentally, 1983 is also when I saw "WarGames" on the big screen. In it, a computer depicts a false attack, prompting a possible counter-strike. Reading about Stanislav Petrov reminded me of quotes from the movie:
Stephen Falken: What you see on these screens up here is a fantasy; a computer enhanced hallucination!And:
Stephen Falken: General, you are listening to a machine. Do the world a favor and don't act like one.Finally, through this post, I found 20 Mishaps That Might Have Started Accidental Nuclear War. It's interesting reading.